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Palamidi - Acronafplia

Fortress of Palamidi
The castle of Palamidi lies on a high hill (216m. a.s.l.) to the east of Acronauplia which was first fortified by the Venetians during the second Venetian occupation of the area (1686-1715). It is a typical baroque fortress, based on the plans of the engineers Giaxich and Lasalle. In 1715 it was captured by the Turks and remained under their control until 1822, when it was liberated by the Greeks.  The most important monuments of the site are:  - The Castle. Venetian defensive structure dated to the beginning of the 18th century. It consists of eight bastions surrounded by walls. A long stairway reinforced with small battlements starts at the foot of the NW slope and leads up to the fortress on the top of the hill.  - Church of St. Andrew, built in one of the bastions of the fortress. It is a barrel-vaulted church with the eastern half built under one of the arches supporting the walls. Its free-standing part is two-aisled.  - The prison of Kolokotronis. One of the bastions, the so-called "Miltiades" was used as the prison cell of Theodoros Kolokotronis, a hero of the Greek Revolution.
 
Acronafplia
 

There is evidence of the presence of the first organised settlement at Akronauplia at least as far back at the end of the 4th century BC, which is the date of the first phase of its fortification using polygonal hewn stones, which have survived to the present day and comprise the base of the later walls.

The walls surround the rock where the acropolis is not protected by the naturally steep rocks of the peninsula. In the 7th century BC, Nafplio was conquered by neighbouring Argos and became its naval base and port. When Argos fell into decline, as the result of the Peloponnese being occupied by the Romans, Nafplio fell into obscurity to such an extent that Pausanias, during his the 2nd century BC tour of Argolis, found it abandoned, but mentions the existence of a temple to Poseidon on the peak of the peninsula.

The Paleo-Christian and Byzantine period (4th to early 13th Century)

The occupation of the Castle of Acronauplia during the Byzantine period is demonstrated by Paleo-Christian architectural elements and coins. The eastern fortifications and the two chapels inside the castle, Agios and Andreas and the Agoi Theodoroi, date from the Mid-Byzantine period.

  
 
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